Any criminal offense that is facilitated by, or involves the use of, electronic communications or Information systems, including any electronic device, computer, or Internet is referred to as Cybercrime.

The term Cybercrime, is a general term that covers crimes like phishing, credit card frauds, illegal downloading, cyber bullying, cyber terrorism, creation and/or distribution of viruses, span and so on….

When you hear the word “cybercriminal” or “hacker,” what image comes to mind? Is it a sketchy guy, perhaps wearing a dark hoodie, camped out in a dank basement somewhere, typing away furiously? While that image is in the public consciousness thanks to movies and TV, the real picture of a cybercriminal is much different: cybercrime is incredibly organized and professionalized.

Cybercriminals buy and sell malware online (generally on the dark web) while also trading in services that test how robust a virus is, business intelligence dashboards to track malware deployment, and tech support (that's right — crooks can contact a criminal helpline to troubleshoot their illegal hacking server or other malfeasance!).

The professionalization and proliferation of cybercrime adds up to countless costs in damages every year, impacting individuals, businesses, and even governments. Experts estimate that cybercrime damages will reach $8 trillion annually by 2021 , making it one of the most lucrative criminal enterprises.

As the Internet of Things (IoT) evolves and smart devices become more popular, cybercriminals benefit from a much broader attack surface — increased opportunities to penetrate security measures, gain unauthorized access, and commit crimes.

Cyber Trolls- Cyber Troll refers to a person who purposely posts opposing, sarcastic, demanding, or insulting- comments about something or someone with an aim of targeting a person online. Trolling is a cybercrime and is a form of cyber bullying.

Cyber Bulling- Harassing, demanding, embarrassing, defaming or intimidating someone using modern technologies like internet, cell phones, instant messages, social networks etc., is called Cyber Bullying.

Cyber Stalking- This is a kind of online harassment wherein the victim is subjected to a barrage of online messages and emails.

Spreading Rumours Online- Spreading rumors (false information) online is a cyber crime and is a punishable offence. As per Information Technology Act of India, Publishing/ circulating of Rumors is a cybercrime and it may invite a fine with imprisonment extendable up to three years.

Confidentiality of information ensures that only authorized users get access to sensitive and protected data.

Practices to Ensure Confidentiality of Information-
Use firewall wherever possible
Control browser setting to block tracking
Browse privately wherever possible
Be careful while posting on Internet
Ensure Safe sites while entering crucial information
Carefully handle emails
Do not give sensitive information
Avoid using public computers
Don’t save your login information
Erase history , cookies and traces of your work.

Digital Footprint-

Digital Footprints are the records and traces individuals leave behind as they use the Internet.

Your interactions on social media, your friend circle on social media sites, sites you visit, online purchases, locations visited through Facebook check ins etc. all make up your digital footprint.

SomeTips To Protect Your Internet Privacy

1. Use Antivirus Software
2. Protect Against Identity Theft
3. Optimize your Passwords
4. Update your Cookies
5. Use a VPN to Make Browsing Anonymous
6. Turn off Your GPS
7. Deactivate the Auto Fill Option
8. Using Private Browsing Modes
9. Only Use HTTPS Links
10. Make Sure All Your Social Media Accounts Are Private
11. Remember to Log Out
12. Beware of Spam Emails
13. Use Public Wifi and Hotspots With Caution

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